Bo o cepe XIX ea o Kypco yep xo ee aa paoo - o aaa a poeax yo, pa oeo opoa peccx e "cee a opey". ooe pe poccce ac e o aec opo pae, ey eao cococoa opaoc ypcx ee, x ppaoc, yce eca, ooa aocooc aaa ecoo acee, oopoe, py ycox o oeo ocao, cao epeao pao p, pepaac cepo - e xpx, ocopox, oope p cyae ca ooac ecoooc poeeo oc, y o aap, oe pycc, a eca ooopa aca: "He y eoo ap opa cypo ypa!"

opa Hoa opoopc oo pao, ocex Kypco yep 1886 oy, ca, o o cepe XVIII ea yep a "yco", a paoe aac e oo pecy, o "oae, oope cope a o, a a "copoee ae", aaee... ppaoo".

Kypc Cooe-pao

Oeo, o pao poco e ype aac aa, eapo pao Cooe, ce y pex opo a e yax poo oca, e e oopc po: "apoca opoa eca pc, poea y pea Copoa"; a a pa ceepy o Kypca ec ceo e yo, pea Copoa, a e o apec Coo-paoa opeee a ceo epea, o axoc cpe oo. Kypce ae peea o cee oop a: "Ha pacye y, a e p pa (opo), oa Kp, pya Pyc, a pe a ca".

Kyep

Pao Kyep, oopoy oceo oo ee ece, ocaec ca ec yeyo Pyc; o paoa o Kypco o peea aa IV o eee eo a pao, oopoo yya a aapa; eo aap a peey Kyep pac eo poa ap. Bopa eea aca, o Kyep pyo pooo, o oo occopc c ape -a e, oopy oy ac ap, ea Moc copa aay ec ay IV.

B 1549 oy oac cy ca ay IV, o eo , oope e opoa Mocy, a opao y oepc aae paoo, a o ap oea, o pao "a" - pa ey, ap.

oce cep ap aeoo paoa o oepa cc, o opac oy, yacyc cox oex pacac x, ye oacp p ocp o ee pa. opoo paoa o opeeeo ocyae - cpy cae opo y a Kyepoo ope, a e p py eo, e o ooe epeo, oa o ooaeo cpac c ope, epeo pyxyo coo cao o cee.

Kyepo

oce Kyepa o pa poo xo pao aa, oope a ac - yepo. Cpe x xe aaa My, Apce Koao, epy, Kapayx Kao. o pae, , oxee e, po yoo coa, oop ca pc aapa, ey aea paa, o apcx oc yxo a pay, ocac a opaac opao, oa ypoa ceaa. Koeco paoo aae oo o xo o pexco eoe.

Ocoeo oo xx e cao o pe occa Ceaa Paa oe XVII ea, oa aae oepc 11 oox op, exax o: o cxae o Cap Ocoo opoco ao, , opae ca oca opae. Ka e pao Kypcoo ye apxeoo cop Aecap op, op oa Xpoo oaa ap, o pao aa ooc e peca, oopoe oo opaac oo ooapa pyx ea c , a a e c oea, y oa, a eoopx, ocoo ecox cyax, oeo c cee apa oe, a o aca ee, opea cex a cpay cep.

paoa - oe pex

opo c aaa pocac cye aaa o c, Ae Mapo ocoeo oopo oeoa Heec, oop ce pae, aax a op, cye oeoac opoy a Bopoe, o o ooo cpee xx e o aeo.

Mec paee A. Aecapo aca cop, cyyc 1752 oy c yo Kapo epe, oopoo o pa acx pao cxa a opoe ye co ca, aec oy y. Ocac o a o c aaao, ye cye y paoa, oop eaoo e c oa, yap eo o oy oy eo po aap, oce eo cea. Bepyc Kypc, ye, o cy pex cepoyca oaoap oa a cacee, oepoa pyy cyy a cpoeco Cepeo-Kaacoo coopa.

Pao-ope

B XVII ee yeo opoe Cya ooc ecoo paox aa o peoeco opa o a Ky. O cpaxe epa c opyy, pa yeece oo, o "poooc" a cepe, oop Eaepa Bea opaa oapo oey. ypa eo, Ky e oca ac opa - eo oa oaaeo eepoa Cye.

o ceecy paeea Ape ea a paoo oa ae oe. Oa pyooa aao 50 eoe, a pya - 70, pe oy x ac ce-a , oao aaa e ca. o oea poco caaac oee ye e xoa coeo oa, poe aoe ocao .

pae y e oy o o cepe XIX ea, oa a epea oce aaa, paa yo o Kypco; o ee ce, coaa poc ycc a xpoc: o ae a ee yeecoo ooa, ppc eoo, a oa pao aa a oo, co a o epe aao.

o cx op o opaa yepaa ece e axo pao a - y, aoee ooo apc oea.


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12.01.2019